Python3基础 is与== 区别

  • Python : 3.7.3
  • OS : Ubuntu 18.04.2 LTS
  • IDE : pycharm-community-2019.1.3
  • Conda : 4.7.5
  • *typesetting : Markdown

code

"""
@Author : 行初心
@Date   : 2019/7/7
@Blog   : www.cnblogs.com/xingchuxin
"""

def main():
    # a与b的内容和地址都有差别
    a = [1, 2]
    b = [1]

    print(id(a), a)
    print(id(b), b)

    print()

    print("b.append(2)")
    b.append(2)
    # a与b的内容相同,地址有差别
    print(id(a), a)
    print(id(b), b)

    print()

    # 内存地址相同吗?
    # is 比较的是两个对象的id值是否相等
    print(a is b)
    print(id(a) == id(b))

    # 内容相同吗?
    print(a == b)
    print(a.__eq__(b))

if __name__ == '__main__':
    main()

result

/home/coder/anaconda3/envs/py37/bin/python /home/coder/PycharmProjects/Base/demo.py
140337952333704 [1, 2]
140337952333768 [1]

b.append(2)
140337952333704 [1, 2]
140337952333768 [1, 2]

False
False
True
True

Process finished with exit code 0

source_code

def __eq__(self, *args, **kwargs): # real signature unknown
    """ Return self==value. """
    pass

def id(*args, **kwargs): # real signature unknown
"""
    Return the identity of an object.

    This is guaranteed to be unique among simultaneously existing objects.

    (CPython uses the object's memory address.)
"""
    pass

reference

resource

  • [文档 – English] docs.python.org/3
  • [文档 – 中文] docs.python.org/zh-cn/3
  • [规范] www.python.org/dev/peps/pep-0008
  • [规范] zh-google-styleguide.readthedocs.io/en/latest/google-python-styleguide/python_language_rules
  • [源码] www.python.org/downloads/source
  • [ PEP ] www.python.org/dev/peps
  • [平台] www.cnblogs.com
  • [平台] gitee.com

Python具有开源、跨平台、解释型、交互式等特性,值得学习。
Python的设计哲学:优雅,明确,简单。提倡用一种方法,最好是只有一种方法来做一件事。
代码的书写要遵守规范,这样有助于沟通和理解。
每种语言都有自己独特的思维,初学者需要转变思维、练习思维、坚持积累。

[En]

Each language has its own unique thinking, and beginners need to change their thinking, practice it and persist in accumulation.

Original: https://www.cnblogs.com/xingchuxin/p/11146698.html
Author: 行初心
Title: Python3基础 is与== 区别

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