马斯克把大脑上传云端后,周鸿祎:还得要用人脑安全卫士杀个毒

整理 | 郑丽媛

出品 | CSDN(ID:CSDNnews)

不得不说,麝香最近似乎真的“水逆行”,各种各样的坏事聚集在一起:

推特无法摆脱它。他必须继续购买。NHTSA调查显示,配备自动驾驶仪软件的特斯拉汽车引发了多起车祸。Andrej karpathy,一头被openai“抢劫”的AI公牛,宣布辞职。多年来一直被“吹嘘”的脑-机接口也被澳大利亚初创公司synchron“抢占”

根据马斯克的个性,他怎么能轻易认输?果然,昨天,在dogcoin联合创始人中本志(shibetoshi Nakamoto)的推特上,马斯克似乎无意中“刷”出了一种存在感:

Shibetoshi Nakamoto:如果你可以将你的大脑上传到云上,并与虚拟版本的自己对话,你会成为它的合作伙伴吗?

马斯克:我已经做了

“中途退出”synchron

马斯克所说的可能是,2016年成立的神经技术公司neuralink主要致力于侵入式脑-机接口技术的研究——马斯克多年来一直在“吹嘘”这项技术,但只存在于演示视频中。

2019年7月,马斯克宣布“他找到了一种有效实现脑机接口的方法”。2020年8月,他在生猪身上演示了“脑-机接口”技术,2021 4月,他展示了猴子在“脑-机接口”下使用脑波控制球拍。。。随着马斯克一次又一次的高调宣传,关于这个“网络朋克”的讨论正在全世界兴起。

没人想到,当neuralink还在等待美国食品和药物管理局(FDA)的批准并计划将脑机植入人体时,一家名为synchron的澳大利亚生物技术公司“半途而废”:它不仅早在2021就获得了FDA的批准,而且现在已经将其支架设备植入了一名美国患者的大脑中。

据了解,该患者患有ALS,这是一种神经退行性疾病,影响移动和说话能力。Synchron希望通过将支架植入患者体内,患者大脑发送的信息可以直接转换为计算机命令,也就是说,患者的思想可以转化为行动。

支架管装置可以插入人脑,而不会切割患者的头骨或损坏其头部组织:医生将在患者颈部切开一个切口,在导管的帮助下,支架管将插入运动皮层中参与控制和执行自主动作的血管。

支架植入后,它将连接到植入患者胸部的计算设备。整个过程可以概括为:stentrode读取大脑神经元产生的信号,将信号发送到计算设备,然后计算设备通过蓝牙将信号发送到计算机或手机。据彭博社报道,synchron此前已将该设备植入四名澳大利亚患者体内,他们可以在WhatsApp上发送信息,并通过stentrode在线购物。

因此,一些人认为,如果一切顺利,synchron产品预计将在未来3-5年内推出,这比尚未将脑计算机植入人体的neuralink进展要快得多。

Neuralink有一个8人的创始团队,现在只剩下2人了

除了获得美国食品和药物管理局(FDA)的批准外,neuralink的创始团队成员多年来也相继离开。即使在马斯克声称将自己的大脑上传到云端的那天,媒体也透露,neuralink的创始成员保罗·梅罗拉(PaulMerolla)最近离开了——也就是说,马斯克最近不是真的“倒水”吗?

保罗·梅罗拉

据路透社报道,马斯克在2016年创立neuralink时,共有8名创始团队成员,但多年来已有5名创始成员相继离职。现在,在保罗·梅罗拉离开后,neuralink剩下的创始成员只有一个,董进“DJ”SEO,一个芯片植入工程师,除了马斯克之外,他还在工作。

根据Paul merolla的个人主页,2006年获得宾夕法尼亚大学生物工程博士学位后,他首先在斯坦福大学硅实验室的brain担任博士后研究员,然后在IBM作为研究科学家在brain inspiration project(包括truenoth chip)工作了六年,主要研究神经科学,机器学习和设计低功耗神经芯片,然后他加入了neuralink的创业团队。

周鸿祎:脑机接口也要安全卫士查杀

尽管看起来马斯克最近的运势似乎不大好,但他的“热搜体质”依旧没变:昨日“马斯克称已将大脑上传到云端”这一话题在国内外迅速登上热搜,引起了众多网友的好奇与讨论。

许多人的第一反应是调侃:“那我可以将你的大脑下载到我的大脑中吗?”,“真的能上传了,是不是就相当于人类寿命可以无限延续了?”

随后,越来越多人开始思考更深层次的问题:

“Neuralink 在某种意义上可以帮助实现“心灵感应”吗?众所周知,文字是思想的一种删减版压缩,是否有可能让我们直接通过思想与人沟通,从而帮助进行更有效的交流?”

“那么问题来了,云端的到底是自己,还是一个拷贝的数据人?”

与此同时,这一话题也引来了 360 创始人周鸿祎的关注。他认为,“脑机接口一旦把人连上网,就像开启了‘潘多拉魔盒’,就很有可能会引来一些人研发并利用网络攻击技术,来入侵你的大脑”,“还得用我们的人脑安全卫士给他查杀一遍。”

对于周鸿祎的思考与建议,有网友深表赞同:“把人脑数据上网,除了安全问题,会有严重伦理问题。人一旦失去了思想上的隐私,就不再是人了。所以,同意周总的判断,脑机接口要谨慎。科技发展到一定程度,物极必反,必然反噬人类。”

同时,也有部分网友结合 360 产品造起了“梗”:

“ 360 脑机安全卫士:‘你的大脑启动时间超过了全球 1% 的用户,要记得补脑哦!’”

“对接时,脑子里不断弹出广告:刀刀暴击,一刀 999 级。”

最后,你是否对脑机接口的未来抱有期待,又是否可以接受脑机接口产品的真正落地

It has to be said that musk seems to be really “water retrograde” recently, and all kinds of bad things have gathered together:

Twitter can’t get rid of it. He has to continue to buy. NHTSA investigation shows that Tesla cars equipped with autopilot software have caused many car accidents. Andrej karpathy, an AI bull “robbed” from openai, announced his resignation. The brain computer interface that has been “boasted” for several years has also been “preempted” by synchron, an Australian start-up company

According to Musk’s personality, how can he easily admit defeat? Sure enough, yesterday, under the twitter of shibetoshi Nakamoto, co-founder of dogcoin, musk seemed to inadvertently “brush” a sense of existence:

Shibetoshi Nakamoto: if you can upload your brain to the cloud and talk to a virtual version of yourself, will you become a partner with it?

Musk: I already did it

“Halfway out” synchron

What musk said is probably that neuralink, a neural technology company founded in 2016, is mainly committed to the research of intrusive brain computer interface technology – a technology that musk has been “blowing” for many years, but only exists in demonstration videos.

In July 2019, musk announced that “he has found a way to efficiently realize the brain computer interface”. In August 2020, he demonstrated the “brain computer interface” technology on live pigs, and in April 2021, he showed that monkeys use brain waves to control rackets under the “brain computer interface”… With musk’s high-profile publicity again and again, the discussion of this “cyberpunk” is rising all over the world.

No one expected that when neuralink was still waiting for the approval of the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and planned to implant brain machines into human bodies, an Australian biotechnology company named synchron “killed it halfway”: it not only obtained FDA approval as early as July 2021, but now has implanted its stentrode device into the brain of an American patient.

It is understood that this patient is suffering from ALS, a neurodegenerative disease that affects the ability to move and speak. Synchron hopes that by implanting its stentrode device into the patient, the information sent by the patient’s brain can be directly converted into computer commands, that is, the patient’s thoughts can be transformed into actions.

The stentrode device can be inserted into the human brain without cutting the patient’s skull or damaging his head tissue: the doctor will cut an incision in the patient’s neck, and with the help of a catheter, the stentrode will be inserted into the blood vessels in the motor cortex involved in controlling and performing autonomous actions.

Once the stentrode device is implanted, it will then be connected to the computing device implanted in the patient’s chest. The whole process can be summarized as follows: stentrode reads the signals generated by brain neurons, sends the signals to the computing device, and then the computing device sends the signals to the computer or mobile phone through Bluetooth. According to Bloomberg, synchron has previously implanted the device into four Australian patients, who can send messages on WhatsApp and shop online through stentrode.

Therefore, some people believe that if everything goes well, synchron products are expected to be launched in the next 3-5 years – a much faster progress than neuralink, which has not yet implanted brain computers into the human body.

Neuralink has a founding team of 8 people, and now there are only 2 people left

In addition to the approval of the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA), the founding team members of neuralink have also left in succession over the years. Even on the day musk claimed to have uploaded his brain to the cloud, the media revealed that Paul merolla, the founding member of neuralink, had left recently – that is to say, musk is not really “water inversion” recently?

Paul Merolla

According to Reuters, when musk founded neuralink in 2016, there were a total of 8 founding team members, but five founding members have left successively over the years. Now, after Paul merolla left, there is only one remaining founding member of neuralink, Dongjin “DJ” SEO, a chip implant engineer who is still working, in addition to musk.

According to Paul merolla’s personal homepage, after receiving his Ph.D. in bioengineering from the University of Pennsylvania in 2006, he first studied as a postdoctoral fellow in the brain in silicon Laboratory of Stanford University, and then worked at IBM as a research scientist in the brain inspiration project (including truenoth chip) for six years, mainly studying neuroscience, machine learning and designing low-power neural chips, Then he joined the entrepreneurial team of neuralink.

According to people familiar with the matter, Paul merolla once participated in the chip design project of neuralink, but the specific time of his departure and the reason for his departure are unknown. Another Max hodak, who is one of the three co founders of neuralink together with musk and Paul merolla, also left in May 2021.

Zhou Hongyi: the brain computer interface should also be checked and killed by security guards

Although Musk’s recent fortune seems to be bad, his “hot search physique” remains unchanged: yesterday, the topic “Musk said he had uploaded his brain to the cloud” quickly appeared on hot search at home and abroad, causing the curiosity and discussion of many netizens.

Many people’s first reaction was to joke, “can I download your brain into my brain?”, “If it can be uploaded, does it mean that human life can be extended indefinitely?”

Later, more and more people began to think about deeper problems:

“Can neuralink help realize” telepathy “in a sense? As we all know, words are an abridged version of thoughts. Is it possible for us to communicate directly with people through thoughts, so as to help carry out more effective communication? “

“So the question is, is it yourself or a copy of the data person in the cloud?”

At the same time, this topic also attracted the attention of 360 founder Zhou Hongyi. He believes that “once the brain computer interface connects people to the Internet, it is like opening the ‘Pandora’s box’, which is likely to attract some people to develop and use network attack technology to invade your brain”, “we have to use our human brain security guards to kill him again.”

For Zhou Hongyi’s thoughts and suggestions, some netizens expressed their deep approval: “in addition to safety issues, there will be serious ethical problems in surfing the Internet with human brain data. Once people lose their ideological privacy, they will no longer be human. Therefore, I agree with President Zhou’s judgment that brain computer interfaces should be cautious. With the development of science and technology to a certain extent, extremes will inevitably backfire, and they will inevitably backfire on human beings.”

At the same time, some netizens combined 360 products to create a “stem”:

“360 brain computer security guard: ‘your brain activation time has exceeded 1% of users in the world. Remember to replenish your brain!”

“When docking, advertisements constantly pop up in my mind: knife and knife critical hit, one knife 999.”

Finally, do you have expectations for the future of BCI, and can you accept the real implementation of BCI products

参考链接:

https://www.reuters.com/legal/transactional/neuralink-co-founder-departs-musk-backed-startup-sources-2022-07-19/
https://www.benzinga.com/markets/cryptocurrency/22/07/28109101/elon-musk-says-he-has-already-uploaded-his-brain-to-the-cloud

https://s.weibo.com/weibo?q=%E9%A9%AC%E6%96%AF%E5%85%8B%E7%A7%B0%E5%B7%B2%E5%B0%86%E5%A4%A7%E8%84%91%E4%B8%8A%E4%BC%A0%E5%88%B0%E4%BA%91%E7%AB%AF
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原文链接:https://blog.csdn.net/csdnnews/article/details/125903765

本文转载自csdn
原文链接:https://blog.csdn.net/csdnnews/article/details/125903765
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