整理 | 郑丽媛
出品 | CSDN（ID：CSDNnews）
根据Paul merolla的个人主页，2006年获得宾夕法尼亚大学生物工程博士学位后，他首先在斯坦福大学硅实验室的brain担任博士后研究员，然后在IBM作为研究科学家在brain inspiration project（包括truenoth chip）工作了六年，主要研究神经科学，机器学习和设计低功耗神经芯片，然后他加入了neuralink的创业团队。
与此同时，这一话题也引来了 360 创始人周鸿祎的关注。他认为，“脑机接口一旦把人连上网，就像开启了‘潘多拉魔盒’，就很有可能会引来一些人研发并利用网络攻击技术，来入侵你的大脑”，“还得用我们的人脑安全卫士给他查杀一遍。”
同时，也有部分网友结合 360 产品造起了“梗”：
“ 360 脑机安全卫士：‘你的大脑启动时间超过了全球 1% 的用户，要记得补脑哦！’”
“对接时，脑子里不断弹出广告：刀刀暴击，一刀 999 级。”
It has to be said that musk seems to be really “water retrograde” recently, and all kinds of bad things have gathered together:
Twitter can’t get rid of it. He has to continue to buy. NHTSA investigation shows that Tesla cars equipped with autopilot software have caused many car accidents. Andrej karpathy, an AI bull “robbed” from openai, announced his resignation. The brain computer interface that has been “boasted” for several years has also been “preempted” by synchron, an Australian start-up company
According to Musk’s personality, how can he easily admit defeat? Sure enough, yesterday, under the twitter of shibetoshi Nakamoto, co-founder of dogcoin, musk seemed to inadvertently “brush” a sense of existence:
Shibetoshi Nakamoto: if you can upload your brain to the cloud and talk to a virtual version of yourself, will you become a partner with it?
Musk: I already did it
“Halfway out” synchron
What musk said is probably that neuralink, a neural technology company founded in 2016, is mainly committed to the research of intrusive brain computer interface technology – a technology that musk has been “blowing” for many years, but only exists in demonstration videos.
In July 2019, musk announced that “he has found a way to efficiently realize the brain computer interface”. In August 2020, he demonstrated the “brain computer interface” technology on live pigs, and in April 2021, he showed that monkeys use brain waves to control rackets under the “brain computer interface”… With musk’s high-profile publicity again and again, the discussion of this “cyberpunk” is rising all over the world.
No one expected that when neuralink was still waiting for the approval of the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and planned to implant brain machines into human bodies, an Australian biotechnology company named synchron “killed it halfway”: it not only obtained FDA approval as early as July 2021, but now has implanted its stentrode device into the brain of an American patient.
It is understood that this patient is suffering from ALS, a neurodegenerative disease that affects the ability to move and speak. Synchron hopes that by implanting its stentrode device into the patient, the information sent by the patient’s brain can be directly converted into computer commands, that is, the patient’s thoughts can be transformed into actions.
The stentrode device can be inserted into the human brain without cutting the patient’s skull or damaging his head tissue: the doctor will cut an incision in the patient’s neck, and with the help of a catheter, the stentrode will be inserted into the blood vessels in the motor cortex involved in controlling and performing autonomous actions.
Once the stentrode device is implanted, it will then be connected to the computing device implanted in the patient’s chest. The whole process can be summarized as follows: stentrode reads the signals generated by brain neurons, sends the signals to the computing device, and then the computing device sends the signals to the computer or mobile phone through Bluetooth. According to Bloomberg, synchron has previously implanted the device into four Australian patients, who can send messages on WhatsApp and shop online through stentrode.
Therefore, some people believe that if everything goes well, synchron products are expected to be launched in the next 3-5 years – a much faster progress than neuralink, which has not yet implanted brain computers into the human body.
Neuralink has a founding team of 8 people, and now there are only 2 people left
In addition to the approval of the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA), the founding team members of neuralink have also left in succession over the years. Even on the day musk claimed to have uploaded his brain to the cloud, the media revealed that Paul merolla, the founding member of neuralink, had left recently – that is to say, musk is not really “water inversion” recently?
According to Reuters, when musk founded neuralink in 2016, there were a total of 8 founding team members, but five founding members have left successively over the years. Now, after Paul merolla left, there is only one remaining founding member of neuralink, Dongjin “DJ” SEO, a chip implant engineer who is still working, in addition to musk.
According to Paul merolla’s personal homepage, after receiving his Ph.D. in bioengineering from the University of Pennsylvania in 2006, he first studied as a postdoctoral fellow in the brain in silicon Laboratory of Stanford University, and then worked at IBM as a research scientist in the brain inspiration project (including truenoth chip) for six years, mainly studying neuroscience, machine learning and designing low-power neural chips, Then he joined the entrepreneurial team of neuralink.
According to people familiar with the matter, Paul merolla once participated in the chip design project of neuralink, but the specific time of his departure and the reason for his departure are unknown. Another Max hodak, who is one of the three co founders of neuralink together with musk and Paul merolla, also left in May 2021.
Zhou Hongyi: the brain computer interface should also be checked and killed by security guards
Although Musk’s recent fortune seems to be bad, his “hot search physique” remains unchanged: yesterday, the topic “Musk said he had uploaded his brain to the cloud” quickly appeared on hot search at home and abroad, causing the curiosity and discussion of many netizens.
Many people’s first reaction was to joke, “can I download your brain into my brain?”, “If it can be uploaded, does it mean that human life can be extended indefinitely?”
Later, more and more people began to think about deeper problems:
“Can neuralink help realize” telepathy “in a sense? As we all know, words are an abridged version of thoughts. Is it possible for us to communicate directly with people through thoughts, so as to help carry out more effective communication? “
“So the question is, is it yourself or a copy of the data person in the cloud?”
At the same time, this topic also attracted the attention of 360 founder Zhou Hongyi. He believes that “once the brain computer interface connects people to the Internet, it is like opening the ‘Pandora’s box’, which is likely to attract some people to develop and use network attack technology to invade your brain”, “we have to use our human brain security guards to kill him again.”
For Zhou Hongyi’s thoughts and suggestions, some netizens expressed their deep approval: “in addition to safety issues, there will be serious ethical problems in surfing the Internet with human brain data. Once people lose their ideological privacy, they will no longer be human. Therefore, I agree with President Zhou’s judgment that brain computer interfaces should be cautious. With the development of science and technology to a certain extent, extremes will inevitably backfire, and they will inevitably backfire on human beings.”
At the same time, some netizens combined 360 products to create a “stem”:
“360 brain computer security guard: ‘your brain activation time has exceeded 1% of users in the world. Remember to replenish your brain!”
“When docking, advertisements constantly pop up in my mind: knife and knife critical hit, one knife 999.”
Finally, do you have expectations for the future of BCI, and can you accept the real implementation of BCI products
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